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Jonah: Reluctant Prophet

His Peril, 1His Prayer, 2His Preaching, 3His Pouting, 4
The cause,
vv. 1-3
His cry,
vv. 1-3
Jonah’s response,
vv. 1-4
At God’s character,
vv. 1-4
The extent,
vv. 4-10
His confidence,
vv. 4-7
Nineveh’s response,
vv. 5-9
At God’s provision,
vv. 5-9
The cure,
vv. 11-17
His commitment,
vv. 8-10
God’s response,
v. 10
At God’s compassion,
vv. 10-11

Major characters

  • Jonah (“a dove”), son of Amittai, who prophesied to Nineveh during the reign of Jeroboam II, king of Israel (793-753 bc)

Major themes

  • Salvation
    • of mariners, 1
    • of Jonah, 2
    • of Ninevites, 3-4
  • Compassion of God
    • in giving Jonah a second chance
    • in responding to the repentance of Nineveh (3:10; cp. Jer. 18:8; 26:3)
  • Jonah’s lack of compassion

Christ in all the Scriptures

  • Jonah, a type of Christ
    • “As Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly…” (Matt. 12:39-40)
    • Jonah’s prayer (ch. 2) could have been prayed by the Lord in the grave

Compare notes on Nahum for further information on Nineveh.

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